This is the simple philosophical evidence of the existence based upon the fact that someone or something capable of any kind of thinking necessarily exists.
Sometimes I believe that these words prevailed somehow in Rene Descartes mind “I Think, Therefore I am Confused”. The quote, comes from The Discourse on Method, originally written in french.
I have convinced myself that there is nothing in the world — no sky, no earth, no minds, no bodies. Doesn’t it follow that I don’t exist? No, surely I must exist if it’s me who is convinced of something. But there is a deceiver, supremely powerful and cunning whose aim is to see that I am always deceived. But surely I exist, if I am deceived. Let him deceive me all he can, he will never make it the case that I am nothing while I think that I am something. Thus having fully weighed every consideration, I must finally conclude that the statement “I am, I exist” must be true whenever I state it or mentally consider it. (Descartes, Meditation II: On the Nature of the Human Mind, Which Is Better Known Than the Body).
“When I look at the attributes of God, I find that they could in fact steam from ideas of external objects.” – Thomas Hobbes
“Doesn’t our reason tell us that what acts also exists?”
Based on the fact it is incompatible with modern science William James dismisses Descartes philosophy.
So from here we can start an interesting debate which we can not reduce in half a dozen words. from my point of view, following the principles of Descartes, where in nowadays we can place the machines, the artificial intelligence and all the digital revolution which we live today? I will not take this into detail just because my point is much simpler and I prefer to place it in another context.
I do not intend in any way to be or defend the principles of a layperson type. I understand the logical truth of his version of Dualism but it all makes sense until a certain point also what makes me confused above of all is the perception of the rational. Taking into account the reality in which we live nowadays my question start on: actually to what extent Descartes has reason?
Below on the left we can watch a short video which describes in a pretty clear way the “Cogito argument” of Descartes. On the right to confront (Descartes) we must watch the interesting debate at the Institute of Art and Ideas focused on the intriguing intervention of Stephen Hawking vs. Philosophy – Has Science Killed Philosophy?
But can anyone doubt today, we that all the millions of individuals and all the innumerable types are characters constitute an entity, a unit? Thought free to think and act, we are held together, like the stars in the firmament, with ties inseparable. These ties we cannot see, but we can feel them.
Our human world of pooled transcendence creates a theatre for our actions.
Every man has within himself the entire human conditions.
Michel de Montaigne (1533-92), essayist
We exist to the extent that there are others.
Johann Fichte (1762-1814), philosopher
Brains together create a space that cannot be stuffed back in to brain.
Someone asked me today:
Why are you doing this?
I answered: for many reasons including Design